Friday 9 October

Chile, Cuba, Germany, Indonesia, Israel, Jamaica, Kazakhstan, the Kingdom of the Netherlands, Peru, Philippines, the Russian Federation, and the United Republic of Tanzania addressed First Committee on the topic of small arms and light weapons (SALW) on Friday 9 October.

Jamaica expressed its feelings that the area of arms control, in general, is being neglected by the UN and urged for more action to be taken. Cuba, Indonesia, Jamaica, Peru, and the United Republic of Tanzania made references to the Programme of Action (PoA) during their statements, reinforcing their commitments to the instrument and the important role it plays in curbing the misuse and illicit transferring of SALW. Jamaica stated that the PoA, as a focal point for curbing the illicit trade, needs urgent attention in order for it to be strengthened. Cuba acknowledged the necessity for a full and effective implementation of the PoA and increased international cooperation and assistance, while Indonesia noted that the PoA can be useful for curbing the illicit supply and illegitimate use of conventional weapons by non-state actors. United Republic of Tanzania emphasized the need to continue to promote measures aimed at ensuring proper marking mechanisms and traceability of arms and ammunitions, in addition to preventing their diversion to unauthorized persons or groups.  

The majority of States made remarks regarding the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), acknowledging the increasing support for the Treaty and the successful outcome of the first Conference of States Parties to the Treaty. Kazakhstan and Philippines further noted that they are preparing to become signatories to the Treaty. Israel classed the ATT as a robust and responsible export control system. Kazakhstan expressed hopes that the international community would consider strong monitoring mechanisms in the so-called ‘grey areas’ that remain outside the regime of conventional arms control, namely past and recent conflict zones, as well as, in the adoption of strong monitoring procedures to implement penalties and sanctions against countries that violate their obligations. The Russian Federation, while noting that there were serious shortcomings which prevented it from signing the Treaty, welcomed the conclusion of the Treaty and emphasized that it could play a positive role in combating the ‘black’ and ‘grey’ arms markets and contribute to strengthening security at regional and global levels.

In addition, Germany made reference to the Sustainable Development Goals, and in particular Goal 16.4 which foresees significant reduction of illicit small arms trafficking.