National gun laws

The majority of small arms are in the hands of private individuals - worldwide, around 60% of guns are possessed by civilians. There is a strong correlation between firearms ownership and gun death rates, especially for handgun ownership, as handguns are concealable and so commonly used in crime.

In 2006, the UN sub-commission on human rights endorsed principles to prevent human rights abuses by civilians with guns. Many countries regulate:

- types of weapons permitted. For example, prohibiting fully automatic weapons, or semiautomatic rifles. Given their use in crime, some countries also prohibit civilian possession of handguns.

- users of guns. Licensing the users of guns might involve requiring users to prove they have a genuine need of a firearm, also background checks to investigate whether the user is likely to be a risk to themselves or others.

- uses of guns. For example, prohibiting carrying or firing guns in a  public place.

Essential to enforcing the above regulations is firearm registration, linking every weapon to its last legal user and so identifying any point of diversion. This is part of a marking and tracing requirement.

Últimas noticias

Oportunidades de cabildeo y realización de campañas a nivel estatal en Estados Unidos sobre la reducción de la violencia armada son exploradas por Garen Wintemute en un artículo publicado por la Asociación Americana de Salud Pública.

Después de que un hombre disparó y mató a 69 personas en un campamento juvenil en Utøya el 22 de julio, la policía en Noruega está pidiendo un control de armas más duro.

En RD Congo, UCOPASUKI participó en una entrevista en Radio Okapi sobre la importancia de la Convención de Kinshasa y las leyes nacionales sobre armas de fuego.

En Sri Lanka, APHR ha lanzado una petición en línea que llama al Parlamento a modificar las leyes nacionales de armas de tal forma que cumplan el Protocolo de Armas de Fuego y el Programa de Acción de Armas ligeras de la ONU para así ayudar prevenir la violencia armada y la proliferación de armas ilegales.

26 people were killed, and over 300 injured by explosions in the Gombo la Mboto military camp in Dar es Salaam , Tanzania on 17 February.

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